Huang T'ing-chien (style name Lu-chih; sobriquet Fu-weng) was a native of Fen-ning, Kiangsi. He received his chin-shih civil service degree in 1067 at the age of 22 and held such offices as District Defender, Editor, Imperial Diarist, Historiography Compiler, and Prefect. In calligraphy, Huang T'ing-chien initially studied under Chou Yueh (fl. 1023-1048) and his brushwork was calm and steady, quite in accord with established rules. Later, Huang used the I-he ming inscription as his model for large character calligraphy and took the styles of Chang Hsu (ca. 700-750) and the monk Huai-su (ca. 735-800?) as models for his cursive script. Huang's brushwork is full of pauses as it meanders, and the forms of the characters lean strongly in many different poses, thus giving the calligraphy a unique appearance. This piece is written with round and centered brushwork; it has power yet grace while being unsteady yet strong.