Xiao Junxian (style name Zhiquan, early name Zhiquan, sobriquets Tiefu and Shihe yiren, studio name Jingjianlou), a native of Hengyang in Hunan, excelled at landscape painting, early studying under the Yuelu monk Cangyai and Shen Yongsun. Starting with the styles of the Four Wangs, he later studied the virtues of Song and Yuan masters to form a style of his own, becoming renowned in late Qing and early Republican painting circles. He often worked in light crimson colors, followed by monochrome ink, and also excelled at the use of blue and green pigments.
This blue-and-green landscape features a rich use of brush and ink to achieve an elegant and spirited effect. In the foreground is a thatched building with tall pines set amidst lush vegetation. The clusters of mountains and forests in the back are piled layer upon layer, extending all the way to the sky. A cascade in the upper right falls into the misty void. The style follows in the tradition of the Orthodox School of the Qing dynasty.
This painting was purchased by the National Palace Museum in 1985.