宋錢選桃枝松鼠 卷 錢選;Qian Xuan , 26.3x44.3

詳細資料

基本資料 藏品類型 繪畫
文物統一編號 故畫000969N000000000 抽盤點紀錄 修護紀錄
作品號 故畫00096900000
品名 宋錢選桃枝松鼠 卷
分類 繪畫
作者 錢選;Qian Xuan
數量 一卷

典藏尺寸 【位置】 【尺寸】(公分)
本幅 26.3x44.3
拖尾 26.3x29.3

質地 【質地位置】 【質地】
本幅
拖尾

題跋資料 【題跋類別】 【作者】 【位置】 【款識】 【書體】 【全文】
題跋 清高宗 本幅 己卯(西元一七五九年)春月御題。 行書 綏山果熟踔枝嘗。五技何妨用所長。自是託身遠穹窒。不須老吏畏張湯。己卯(西元一七五九年)春月御題。
印記: 乾、隆
題跋 歐大任 拖尾 萬曆辛巳(西元一五八一年)首夏。嶺南歐大任跋。 行書 玉潭翁畫鼠。天機所到。真態爛然。不落繪家畦逕。寫物之佳境也。寥寥數筆。誠自可寶。覽者毋以魯郊食角。公田傷稼。為此老罪過。孔炎嗜古博學。審定為錢氏真蹟。不遠二千里。寄以示予。為書其後歸之。萬曆辛巳(西元一五八一年)首夏。嶺南歐大任跋。
印記: 蘧園、歐大任印、羅浮仙史
題籤 清高宗 題籤 錢選桃枝松鼠真蹟。內府珍玩妙品。
印記: 稽古右文之璽

印記資料 【印記類別】 【印記】
鑑藏寶璽 古希天子
鑑藏寶璽
鑑藏寶璽 太上皇帝
鑑藏寶璽 天地為師
鑑藏寶璽 用筆在心
鑑藏寶璽 乾隆御覽之寶
鑑藏寶璽 乾隆鑑賞
鑑藏寶璽 石渠寶笈
鑑藏寶璽 三希堂精鑑璽
鑑藏寶璽 宜子孫
鑑藏寶璽 石渠定鑑
鑑藏寶璽 寶笈重編
鑑藏寶璽 養心殿鑑藏寶
鑑藏寶璽 五福五代堂古稀天子寶
鑑藏寶璽 八徵耄念之寶
收傳印記 休寧朱之赤珍藏圖書
作者印記 舜舉
作者印記 翰墨游戲
收傳印記 嘉慶御覽之寶

主題 【主題類別】 【主題(第一層)】 【主題(第二層)】 【主題說明】
主要主題 樹木 桃樹
主要主題 果蔬 桃子
主要主題 走獸 松鼠

技法 【技法】 【技法細目】
工筆

參考資料 【類別】 【參考資料】
收藏著錄 石渠寶笈續編 (養心殿),第二冊,頁966
收藏著錄 故宮書畫錄 (卷四),第二冊,頁76-77
收藏著錄 故宮書畫圖錄,第十六冊,頁391-394
參考書目 1.張華芝,〈宋錢選桃枝松鼠〉,收入王耀庭、許郭璜、陳階晉編,《故宮書畫菁華特輯》(臺北:國立故宮博物院,1987年初版,2001年再版),頁134-135。 2.邱士華,〈宋錢選桃枝松鼠〉,收入蔡玫芬主編,《精彩一百 國寶總動員》(臺北:國立故宮博物院,2011年九月初版一刷),頁276-277。
內容簡介(中文) 錢選(約西元一二三五-一三○七年),浙江吳興人。字舜舉,號玉潭。工詩,善書畫,與趙孟頫同為「吳興八俊」之一。 此圖繪桃枝上結二桃,一松鼠棲伏枝上,欲竊食之。用筆圓勁,細若游絲,設色典雅,松鼠生動天真的情態躍然紙上。
內容簡介(英文) Ch'ien Hsuan (style names Shun-chu and Yut'an) came from Wu-hsing, Chekiang. He excelled not only in poetry, but also in calligraphy and painting. Together with Chao Meng-fu (1254-1322), Ch'ien was among the "Eight Talents of Wu-hsing." This painting shows a squirrel stealthily making its way along the branch of a peach tree towards the two fruit it has eyed. The brushwork is exceptionally smooth and precise. In particular, the outlines and rendering of the peaches and the leaves were done with strokes as thin as gossamer strands. Colors were also tastefully applied. The peach branch appears quite naturalistic. The squirrel was also vividly rendered in delicate details to suggest fur and in washes to indicate form.
網頁展示說明 錢選(約西元一二三五-一三0三年尚在),又據學者之論,其卒年不晚於一三0七年。浙江吳興人,字舜舉,別號玉潭、巽峰。因家有習懶齋,又號習懶翁,後為仿他人作偽,又改號霅谿翁。一二六一年宋景定時鄉貢進士,元初,與趙孟頫等人並稱「吳興八俊」。入元,趙孟頫等士皆入朝為官,唯錢選隱而不仕,游居於山水間,流連詩畫,以終其身。工詩,善書畫,喜作折枝花木。創作力求擺脫南宋畫院習尚,其人品和畫品皆稱譽當時。 本幅設色描畫長著肥美果實的桃枝上,一隻松鼠棲伏其間,正欲竊食桃果之景。全圖的重心─松鼠,畫家將其置於枝葉稍疏的枝條上,與葉果搖曳充實的左半畫面,取得視覺上的平衡。松鼠造型樸拙,通身以細勁的筆墨,筆筆絲出,並加以暈染,皮毛的豐茸質感,表露無遺。而濃墨點畫出的腳爪和眼珠,更強調了松鼠專注的神態及動勢。通幅佈局簡約,清麗雅緻,其工筆細勁的筆致,實與宋人花鳥畫是一脈相承的。而畫家以淨勻圓勁的筆墨鉤畫葉片輪廓,再以色彩平塗其上;以及雅淡清簡的用色,再再彰顯了錢選帶有寫意筆調的個人風格,使其成為元代文人畫的先驅者之一。
網頁展示說明 Ch'ien Hsuan, a native of Wu-hsing in Chekiang, may have died as late as 1307. A civil service graduate of 1261 under the Sung dynasty, in the early Yuan dynasty he was known along with Chao Meng-fu as one of the Eight Talents of Wu-hsing. Although scholars such as Chao Meng-fu served the Mongols in the Yuan, Ch'ien Hsuan chose reclusion in the countryside, excelling at poetry, calligraphy, and painting. His art looked beyond the lyrical realism of Sung court painting for an elegant evocation of older styles. He thus achieved praise for his character as well as his painting. The focus of this work is on the squirrel stealthily making its way along the branch of a peach tree towards the two fruit it has eyed. The elements are balanced in the horizontal composition here. The simplified yet elegant form of the squirrel has been rendered in delicate brushstrokes combined with washes for a soft and light feeling. The dark ink of the feet and eyes emphasize the position and determination of the squirrel. The simple composition, pure coloring, and fine brushwork all follow in the tradition of Sung dynasty bird-and-flower painting but combined with the lyrical touch of a scholar painter. For the leaves, the artist used outlines in mature brushwork with washes of color added. The light and elegant coloring reflects the personal touch of Ch'ien Hsuan, one of the forerunners of scholar art in the Yuan dynasty.
網頁展示說明 錢選(約1235-1307),浙江吳興人,字舜舉,詩文書畫俱工,為「吳興八俊」之一。入元,隱而不仕,賣畫維生。 本幅畫松鼠攀附枝上,欲食粉桃的情狀,神態生動。全作設色典雅,構圖平和舒緩,用筆圓勁暢健,以細若游絲的線條鉤勒桃實、枝葉輪廓,以筆絲出皮毛蓬鬆的質感,散發錢選畫作獨特的雅淡氣息。此卷又別緻地將具多子多孫寓意的松鼠,與具祝壽之意的桃子結合在一起,應有吉祥含意。 (20110913)
網頁展示說明 Qian Xuan (style name Shunju), a native of Wuxing in Zhejiang, excelled at all the arts of poetry and prose, calligraphy, and painting, being known as one of the “Eight Talents of Wuxing.” After the fall of the Song, he did not seek service under the subsequent Yuan dynasty, selling his paintings instead to make a living. This painting depicts a squirrel climbing along a branch as if it wants to go and eat the pink peaches there, creating a spirited and lifelike appearance. The coloring throughout the work is classically elegant, the composition light and airy. The brushwork is full and strong yet fluid, revealing strokes as fine as silk strands to outline the peaches, branches, and leaves, with delicate brushwork also built up to create the fluffy texture of the squirrel’s fur, thereby expressing Qian Xuan’s unique atmosphere of elegant plainness in painting. This handscroll delicately portraying a squirrel, a metaphor for many children and generations, with the peach, a traditional symbol blessing longevity, make a combination that also probably had strong auspicious overtones. (20110913)
參考書目 〈宋錢選桃枝松鼠 卷〉,收入劉芳如主編《國寶再現-書畫菁華特展》(臺北:國立故宮博物院,2018.10),頁212-219、258-259。
參考書目 國立故宮博物院編輯委員會,〈宋錢選桃枝松鼠 卷〉,收入《故宮書畫菁華特輯》(臺北:國立故宮博物院,1996.10),頁134-135。