明祝允明書千文 卷 祝允明;Zhu Yunming , 31.1x372.2

詳細資料

基本資料 藏品類型 書法
文物統一編號 故書000100N000000000 抽盤點紀錄 修護紀錄
作品號 故書00010000000
品名 明祝允明書千文 卷
The Thousand-Character Essay
分類 法書
作者 祝允明;Zhu Yunming
書體 草書
創作時間 明世宗嘉靖二年(1523)
數量 一卷
作品語文 漢文
釋文 千字文。天地玄黃。宇宙洪荒。日月盈昃。辰宿列張。寒來暑往。秋收冬藏。閏餘成歲。律呂調陽。雲騰致雨。露結爲霜。金生麗水。玉出昆崗。劍號巨闕。珠稱夜光。果珍李柰。菜重芥薑。海鹹河淡。鱗潛羽翔。龍師火帝。鳥官人皇。始制文字。乃服衣裳。推位讓國。有虞陶唐。吊民伐罪。周發殷湯。坐朝問道。垂拱平章。愛育黎首。臣伏戎羌。遐邇壹體。率賓歸王。鳴鳳在樹。白駒食場。化被草木。賴及萬方。蓋此身發。四大五常。恭惟鞠養。豈敢毀傷。女慕貞絜。男效才良。知過必改。得能莫忘。罔談彼短。靡恃己長。信使可覆。器欲難量。墨悲絲染。詩贊羔羊。景行維賢。剋念作聖。德建名立。形端表正。空谷傳聲。虛堂習聽。禍因惡積。福緣善慶。尺璧非寶。寸陰是競。資父事君。曰嚴與敬。孝當竭力。忠則盡命。臨深履薄。夙興溫凊。似蘭馨斯。如松之盛。川流不息。淵澄取暎。容止若思。言辭安定。篤初誠美。慎終宜令。榮業所基。籍甚無竟。學優登仕。攝職從政。存以甘棠。去而益詠。樂殊貴賤。禮別尊卑。上和下睦。夫唱婦隨。外受傅訓。入奉母儀。諸姑伯叔。猶子比兒。孔懷兄弟。同氣連枝。交友投分。切磨箴規。仁慈隱惻。造次弗離。節義廉退。顛沛匪虧。性靜情逸。心動神疲。守真志滿。逐物意移。堅持雅操。好爵自縻。都邑華夏。東西二京。背邙面洛。浮渭據涇。宮殿盤鬱。樓觀飛驚。圖寫禽獸。畫綵僊靈。丙舍傍啓。甲帳對楹。肆筵設席。鼓瑟吹笙。陞階納陛。弁轉疑星。右通廣內。左達承明。既集墳典。亦聚群英。杜藁鍾隸。漆書壁經。府羅將相。路俠槐卿。戶封八縣。家給千兵。高冠陪輦。驅轂振纓。世祿侈富。車駕肥輕。策功茂實。勒碑刻銘。磻谿伊尹。佐時阿衡。奄宅曲阜。微旦孰營。桓公匡合。濟弱扶傾。綺迴漢惠。說感武丁。俊乂密勿。多士寔寧。晉楚更霸。趙魏困橫。假途滅虢。踐土會盟。何遵約法。韓弊煩刑。起翦頗牧。用軍最精。宣威沙漠。馳譽丹青。九州禹蹟。百郡秦并。嶽宗恆岱。禪主云亭。雁門紫塞。雞田赤城。昆池碣石。鉅野洞庭。曠遠緜邈。巖岫杳冥。治本於農。務茲稼穡。俶載南畝。我藝黍稷。稅熟貢新。勸賞黜陟。孟軻敦素。史魚秉直。庶幾中庸。勞謙謹敕。聆音察理。鑒貌辨色。貽厥嘉猷。勉其祗植。省躬譏誡。寵增抗極。殆辱近恥。林臯幸即。兩踈見機。解組誰逼。索居閒處。沈默寂寥。求古尋論。散慮逍遙。欣奏累遣。慼謝歡招。渠荷的歷。園莽抽條。枇杷晚翠。梧桐早凋。陳根委翳。落葉飄颻。遊鵾獨運。淩摩絳霄。躭讀翫市。寓目囊箱。易輶攸畏。屬耳垣?。具膳餐飯。適口充腸。飽飫烹宰。饑厭糟糠。親戚故舊。老少異糧。妾御績紡。侍巾帷房。紈扇圓潔。銀燭煒煌。晝眠夕寐。藍筍象床。弦歌酒燕。接杯舉觴。矯手頓足。悅豫且康。嫡後嗣續。祭祀烝嘗。稽顙再拜。悚懼恐惶。牋牒簡要。顧答審詳。骸垢想浴。執熱願涼。驢騾犢特。駭躍超驤。誅斬賊盜。捕獲叛亡。布射遼丸。嵇琴阮嘯。恬筆倫紙。鈞巧任釣。釋紛利俗。並皆佳妙。毛施淑姿。工顰妍笑。年矢每催。曦暉朗曜。於璣懸斡。晦魄環照。指薪修祜。永綏吉劭。矩步引領。俯仰廊廟。束帶矜庄。裵徊瞻眺。孤陋寡聞。愚蒙等誚。謂語助者。焉哉乎也。余筆雖拙。素不書此。癸未(西元一五二三年)閏四月望後。過雲莊樓。酒次。出經紙索書千文。自與雲莊誼厚。勉為書此。誠為貽笑於大方也。枝山老樵祝允明。

典藏尺寸 【位置】 【尺寸】(公分)
本幅 31.1x372.2
隔水一 11.8
隔水二 11.8

質地 【質地位置】 【質地】
本幅

印記資料 【印記類別】 【印記】
鑑藏寶璽 乾隆御覽之寶
鑑藏寶璽 御書房鑑藏寶
鑑藏寶璽 石渠寶笈
鑑藏寶璽 嘉慶御覽之寶
鑑藏寶璽 宣統御覽之寶
收傳印記 侯思炳印(重一)
收傳印記 漁邨小隱(重一)
收傳印記 漁邨(重五)
收傳印記 侯思炳印(重五)
收傳印記 仙客(重一)
收傳印記 式古堂書畫(重一)
收傳印記 令之
收傳印記 式古堂(重五)
收傳印記 儀周鑑賞
收傳印記 安儀周家珍藏
收傳印記 心賞
作者印記 允明

參考資料 【類別】 【參考資料】
收藏著錄 故宮書畫錄(卷一),第一冊,頁106
收藏著錄 石渠寶笈初編(御書房),下冊,頁936-937
內容簡介(中文) 祝允明(西元一四六0-一五二七年),字希哲,號枝山,江蘇蘇州人,三十三歲薦為舉人,五十五歲任廣東興寧知縣,後升任應天府(南京)通判。他具有多方面才藝,九歲能作詩,二十餘歲以古文揚名蘇州,書法廣泛師法古人,有豐富多變化的面貌,晚年以豪放縱逸的狂草享譽書壇。本卷草書千字文,以點畫取態,以使轉取勢,將原本字字獨立,整齊畫一的千字文,寫成行氣連貫,橫斜交錯的整體作品,是六十四歲的傑作。
內容簡介(英文) Chu yun-ming (style name Hsi-che, sobriquet Chih-shan) was a native of Soochow. As a young man, Chu demonstrated his abundant talents in many arts. At the age of eight he could already write poetry, and while he was still in his twenties his essays in the ancient style received much admiration. In calligraphy he studied a broad range of ancient styles, resulting in the rich and constantly changing appearance of his writing. Chu was especially famous in calligraphy circles for his vigorous and unrestrained cursive script of his later years. This copy of the One-thousand Character Essay in cursive script, written when Chu Yun-ming was sixty-three years old, derives its expressiveness from the fluent brushstrokes and its feeling of motion from the turns of the brush. Departing from earlier calligraphic examples of the essay in which each individual character maintained its own structural and spatial integrity, Chu created a more unified work by stringing characters together vertically, and by paying special attention to the horizontal and diagonal relationships of characteers in adjacent lines.
內容簡介(中文) 祝允明(1460-1526),字希哲,號枝山,長洲(今蘇州)人,三十三歲薦為舉人,五十五歲任廣東興寧知縣,後升任應天府(今南京)通判。書法廣泛師法古人,有多樣的面貌。本卷通幅空間的疏密佈列、筆勢的抑揚頓挫,與運筆的輕重緩急等,都蘊含著豐富變化。雖字字獨立,然在書家精熟用筆與結字下,不僅行氣連貫更帶有縱橫交錯的整體感,為其六十四歲時之草書傑作。
內容簡介(英文) Zhu Yunming (style name Xizhe, sobriquet Zhishan) was a native of Changzhou (modern Suzhou). At the Chinese age of 33, he passed the provincial juren civil service examination through recommendation. Then, at 54, he assumed the post of Administrative Clerk in Xingning, Guangdong, and later was promoted to Assistant Prefect of Yingtianfu (modern Nanjing). In calligraphy, he learned from a wide range of old masters’ styles, developing a variety of manners. Here, the arrangement is spacious and the brush force modulating, the brush movement contrasting between light and heavy as well as slow and fast, revealing a great deal of change. Each character is independent, but the calligrapher’s adept brushwork and character forms not only create a sense of continuity between the lines but also uniformity as a whole, making this a masterpiece of cursive script done by Zhu at the Chinese age of 64.
參考書目 1.何傳馨,〈四海一家 —本院文物赴美參展「一四九二之際探險時代之藝術」圖錄專輯〉,《故宮文物月刊》,第103期(1991年10月),頁16-17。 2.〈明祝允明書千字文〉,收入何傳馨、陳階晉、侯怡利主編,《五體千字文選輯》(臺北:國立故宮博物院,2010年六月出版一刷),頁51。 3.何炎泉,〈千字文概論〉,收入何傳馨、陳階晉、侯怡利主編,《五體千字文選輯》(臺北:國立故宮博物院,2010年六月出版一刷),頁176-188。
參考書目 何炎泉,〈明祝允明書千文 卷〉,收入余佩瑾主編《品牌的故事-乾隆皇帝的文物收藏與包裝藝術》(臺北:國立故宮博物院,2017.12),頁170-173。
參考書目 〈明祝允明書千文 卷〉,收入何炎泉主編《毫端萬象-祝允明書法特展》(臺北:國立故宮博物院,2013.01),頁152-157、373。
參考書目 何炎泉,〈明祝允明書千文 卷〉,收入林麗江、何炎泉主編《寫盡繁華-晚明文化人王世貞與他的志業》(臺北:國立故宮博物院,2022.10),頁156-159。

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