This painting depicts an elegant gathering of five scholars around a long table listening to a recital. A servant boy holds a lute and ladies hold a juan instrument and tea utensils. The figures and objects have been outlined with great delicacy using centered brushstrokes. In the drapery, the touching and lifting of the brush, as well as its twisting and turning, are similar to the brushwork used in rendering tree branches. This work bears no signature or seal of the artist, but has been traditionally attributed to Chou Fang, a native of Ch'ang-an (Shensi) who was a renowned figure painter of the T'ang dynasty. In traditional painting texts, his figure paintings are described as being good at capturing the individual personalities of the figures as well as the mood of the situation. The composition of this work appears to have been selected from parts of other works. The arrangement of scholars sitting around a table, for example, imitates a section from versions of "The Eighteen Scholars."