Fang Ts'ung-i (style name Wu-yu, sobriquet Fang-hu) was a native of Kuei-hsi, Kiangsi province. At the end of the Yuan dynasty, he became a Taoist master at the Shang-ch'ing Temple. He studied fortune-telling and also practiced landscape painting. He often travelled to famous mountains, which he painted, and in painting he followed the tradition of Tung Yuan (f1. early 10th cent.), Chu-jan (f1. late 10th cent.), Mi Fu (1051-1107), and Mi Yu-jen (1086-1165). He often used irregular brushstrokes to paint texture strokes and dots, and his brushwork is unusua1, free, and quite out of the ordinary. Because he did not like to give his paintings away, extant works of his are rare.
Twelve paired leaves of landscape paintings and calligraphy form this album. No signatures or inscriptions appear on the works, only the seals of the artist. Each of the paintings was executed first using light washes of background ink to which brushwork in darker tones was freely added to accentuate aspects of the scenery or the figures. The abbreviated and terse style produces an effect of utmost loftiness and harmony.